The Medullary Sponge is a common medical name for the stone known as Calcium oxalate. This is a soft type of calcium which dissolves when in water. Calcium stones (known as calcium oxalate) form in the kidneys when there is an excess of calcium in the body. They are formed by the breaking down of calcium carbonate by an enzyme (articular). This produces two products: oxalate and phosphate. Normally, oxalate is removed from the urine and wastes (and mineral deposits) are excreted through the urethra.
However, if there is a build up of too much oxalate in the urine, calcium is not excreted. These accumulate and form into kidney stones, which are hard and crystallized. They are very difficult to pass and can remain lodged in the kidney for years together. In certain cases, when the kidney is damaged by the formation of kidney stones or other conditions, these can become so large that they block the passage of urine and stop the kidney from functioning correctly.
They occur more often in people with long-term renal failure. But they are also found in very young children who drink plenty of milk. They can also occur after a person has undergone dialysis. Medullary sponge Kidney stones can have many causes. They may be hereditary, but they can also be due to poor diet, viral infections like shingles, alcohol abuse, smoking, and viral diseases.
If you have kidney stones you should discuss the options with your doctor. You should be aware of what options are available so you can get the best care possible. This includes discussing how to remove them and about the various treatments for kidney stones.
The treatment for medullary sponge kidney stones depends upon how big they are. If the stones are relatively small, then surgery may be needed to remove them. If the problem is relatively large, then the best treatment is to remove them surgically. This will mean the need for a procedure called dissolving the kidney stones. A procedure known as haemorrhaging may also be required.
There are several ways to remove a kidney stone. One way is known as haemorrhaging. In this treatment, an incision is made in the back of the patient and the stone is removed by passing through the urethra. Another procedure called laser lithotripsy is when the stones are dissolved by applying a laser beam to them.
Medullary sponge cysts can also be treated in some cases. This involves making an incision and removing the cyst through it. Another treatment known as radiofrequency ablation uses radio waves to dissolve and get rid of kidney stones. This is a minimally invasive form of surgery and is done by an ultrasound. In some cases, surgery is not necessary and the kidney stones can be dissolved naturally. There are also certain medications that help dissolve kidney stones and these are discussed in more detail in other articles.
These are just some of the ways you can treat kidney stones. There are many more such as dialysis, chemical replacement therapy, and vitamin D therapy, which strengthen the walls of the urinary tract, among others. The effectiveness of your treatment depends a lot on your symptoms and specific circumstances. Therefore, it is important to talk to your doctor if you are experiencing any unusual symptoms. He or she may be able to provide you with additional information to guide you to a good diagnosis.
Medullary sponge kidney stones are very common. According to statistics, nearly half of all people will experience this condition at some point in their lives. It tends to occur more in women than in men, and it is mostly likely to affect people who are over fifty years old. It tends to affect people who consume a lot of meat and fish and people who have a history of kidney stones in their families.
This condition tends to occur when the urine contains more oxalate than can be excreted through urination. Because of this, the stones are hard and form in a ball-like form. They can grow larger over time and reach sizes of about five pounds. They are typically located in the back of the bladder, between the bladder and urethra, although they can develop in other places as well, including the intestines, in some cases.
Fortunately, the treatment for kidney stones is fairly simple and often results in a quick recovery. If the stones are large and contain a lot of crystals, they may require surgery to remove them. If the stones are small and formed less than five pounds, they can often be treated with a mixture of diet, homeopathy, and surgery. Medullary sponge kidney stones can be relatively benign and often go away by themselves, although larger stones may need to be removed surgically if they are causing problems. Homeopathic treatment is sometimes helpful.